In honor of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, IN VIVO Blog is channelling its inner Andres Cantor. Come on, there’s a little bit of the Argentinian-born sportscaster in all of us. Perhaps you did your best Cantor this morning when South Africa's Siphiwe Tshabalala found the upper right near corner of the net for the tournament's first score. Alas, host South Africa later surrendered an equalizer to Mexico, and the opening match Friday ended in a 1-1 draw.
It wasn't the only tussle this week that ended without a clear winner. Henri Termeer, CEO of Genzyme, and activist shareholder Carl Icahn have been kicking the ball up and down the pitch for months, and the compromise between the two gentlemen announced Wednesday was definitely your humble blogger’s favorite deal of the week, even if it doesn’t count as a traditional tie-up.
In finding a middle path, both parties gave up something. Icahn has to make do with just two Genzyme board seats, and his right-hand man Alex Denner isn’t one of them. Termeer, meanwhile, must satisfy the demands of Icahn’s representatives if he wants to avoid the fate of Jim Mullen, who just stepped down as CEO of Cambridge, Mass. neighbor Biogen Idec.
But both Icahn and Termeer/Genzyme also gained significantly. Termeer, for now, keeps his job and avoids the circus of a proxy fight. With some representation on the board, Icahn can still fight for more seats in the future if he chooses. As Charles Elson, a professor at University of Delaware's Weinberg Center for Corporate Governance, told our sister publication “The Pink Sheet” DAILY, “Whether it’s four [seats] or one, the fact that you have someone express your viewpoint…is [what’s] important.” The upshot: if that viewpoint is convincing enough, other board members will eventually come around.
In addition, both Icahn and Termeer avoided spending the weekend on the phone trying to sway major shareholders to their cause, when all parties involved would no doubt prefer to watch the beautiful game -- including Saturday’s not-to-be-missed England-U.S. tilt.
One set of winners to emerge from the boardroom draw were Genzyme shareholders, according to Bernstein Research analyst Geoffrey Porges. In a June 9 note, he called the solution “logical” because it introduces Icahn’s influence into the company without the conflict posed by overlap with Biogen’s board representation.
Who else scored a gooooooooooooooooal this week? Maybe Alzheimer’s patients and their loved ones. Five major drug makers -- Johnson & Johnson, GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca PLC, Sanofi-Aventis, and Abbott Laboratories -- have joined forces to share data from 11 failed Alzheimer’s-drug clinical trials. (Data will also be available to outsiders who have valid scientific questions.) Under the auspices of the Critical Path Initiative, it’s the latest evolution in private-public partnerships, and it’s hoped that sifting through massive loads of patient data, researchers will glean new insights into this tricky disease. It's also notable for who’s not participating, at least not yet: Pfizer, which suffered an embarrassing setback earlier this year when its collaboration with Medivation for the Phase III Dimebon blew up.
Meanwhile, rumors are swirling that FDA suppressed negative data associated with the controversial diabetes medicine Avandia. That should add even more drama to the upcoming advisory committee review (or as we dubbed it last week, a "re-review") of the ramifications of allowing long-term safety studies of the medicine to commence.
In other news of pharma potentially behaving badly, it seems more likely that subpoenas will fly as Congress aims to get to the bottom of the recent recall of Johnson & Johnson’s children’s Tylenol. According to a Friday NYT story, Democratic Representative Edolphus Towns, chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, says the health care giant has used delaying tactics and hasn’t been forthright with his committee. Even as J&J denies these accusations, a key goooooooooooooal for the drug maker has got to be burnishing its public image.
Whether you tune into the ballet of the masses or opt for the opera of the people, remember this essential piece of soccer wisdom: “Soccer is simple, but it is difficult to play simple.” The same could be said for biopharma deal making. Game on.
Grifols/Talecris: Hoping a merger with a smaller company might pass muster with the US Federal Trade Commission, Talecris Biotherapeutics is trying the business combination route again, about a year after its planned merger with Australia’s CSL was shot down by the FTC. (In FIFA terms, call it round 2, Spain vs. U.S.) In a deal announced June 7, Spanish firm Grifols SA, the number four company worldwide in the plasma protein therapeutics space, plans to buy Talecris, the number three player, for $3.4 billion in cash and stock, while also assuming the U.S. co’s hefty $600 million debt. In essence, the merger provides Grifols an increased North American commercial presence, while Talecris aims to accomplish two primary goals: an exit for remaining venture backer Cerberus Capital Management and improved capacity and efficiency in plasma collection. Formed in 2005 when Bayer spun out its plasma business to Cerberus and Ampersand Ventures, Talecris went public last fall. Cerberus, however, remained a 49% stakeholder in the public company. Even though the tie-up reduces the number of plasma protein players from five to four, Grifols and Talecris believe this deal has a better shot with the FTC than the CSL/Talecris marriage, because it won’t create a duopoly controlling 80% of the plasma protein market. Instead the top three players --
Bayer Baxter, CSL, and Grifols/Talecris -- will have a roughly equal share of the market. -- Joseph Haas
Sanofi-Pasteur/Vivalis: This week’s announcement from Vivalis that it was teaming up with Sanofi to discover and develop monoclonal antibodies against several infectious-disease targets marks the fourth time the two companies have teamed up. Apparently they like each other’s company. In this latest pact, Vivalis will receive €3 million upfront plus up to €35 million in milestones, plus royalties per program for access to its Humalex Mab platform and worldwide rights on resulting antibodies. Previously Vivalis has in three separate deals granted to S-P (twice) and Acambis (now part of S-P) access to its various embryonic stem cell lines for vaccine and antibody production. This week’s deal is based on newer technology that Vivalis itself acquired only this year. Humalex came into the biotech through its January 2010 €10.4 million acquisition of compatriot Humalys SAS, a move designed to broaden its product offering and potential biz-dev opportunities. Humalys shareholders are eligible for up to €15 million in milestone payments based on pharmaceutical partnerships for the Humalex technology. So far, so good. -- Chris Morrison
Forest/TransTech Pharma: Forest Laboratories isn't giving up on Type 2 diabetes. Just two months after scrapping an expensive deal with Phenomix for the late-stage dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitor dutogliptin, Forest is jumping back in. The specialty pharma has, however, learned its lesson: while it’s spending pretty big money -- $50 million up front and potentially more than $1 billion in milestones -- for a suite of Phase I and preclinical compounds, at least they belong to a novel class of medicines. The deal centers around TransTech’s highly selective glucokinase activators, which target an enzyme found in the liver and pancreas involved in glucose sensing. Transtech’s ability to specifically regulate the liver glucokinase enzyme was apparently key to the deal. When the pancreatic enzyme is targeted, it results in excessive insulin secretion, which can result in potentially life-threatening hypoglycemia. But the Forest/Transtech team certainly doesn’t have this target class to themselves. AstraZeneca, Amgen, and Eli Lilly also have GKAs in the clinic. This week’s announcement shows early stage deal-making for potentially first-in-class molecules still has legs--and the terms are on par with Amgen’s December alliance with Array for its Phase I GKA, ARRY-403. Even as analysts lauded the deal for its long term potential, the arrangement does little to help Forest replenish a portfolio that’s facing patent pressure. Forest’s two biggest products, Lexapro and Namenda, go generic in 2012 and 2015, respectively. -- Jessica Merrill
GlaxoSmithKline/Laboratorios Phoenix: Will the sun never set on the Glaxovian Empire? GSK's latest international foray has the US/UK behemoth spending $253 million cash for Laboratorios Phoenix, an Argentinian branded-generics firm with about £70 million (US $101 million) in annual sales last year, making it the eighth largest drug seller in the country according to IMS. GSK will add products in areas that include cardiovascular, gastroenterology and urology, plus a primary sales force and a manufacturing plant near Buenos Aires. GSK already has an Argentinian division with 2009 sales of £100 million, £56 million of which came from pharmaceuticals, but it said it would keep the entity legally separate from Phoenix. Dust off your atlases and grab your Rick Steves packing cubes, here's a list of GSK's regional deals since the start of 2009. Last month it bought a nearly 10% stake in South Korea's Dong-A Pharmaceutical and in December it snapped up 12.6% of Japan's JCR Pharmaceuticals, after also creating joint ventures with two different Chinese biotechs, Jinagsu Walvax Biotech and Shenzhen Neptunus Interlong Bio-Technique. Don’t forget its purchases of UCB's emerging markets business for €515 million (US $621 million) and Bristol-Myers Squibb's branded-generics operations in Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Jordan and Libya for $23 million. Piled onto all this pharmerging goodness is Glaxo’s deal to sell Dr. Reddy's products in several regions and its 19% stake in South African generics firm Aspen Pharmacare. At risk of making light of pharmaceutical colonialism, we point out that GSK is one of several massive drug makers playing a "Great Game" of international acquisition. Our colleague Wendy Diller renewed her passport to sort out the emerging-market land grab in this IN VIVO feature. -- Alex Lash
Photo courtesy of flickr user CLF.
Editor's note: This post was updated on June 14th to indicate the top three players in the plasma protein market: Baxter, CSL, and Talecris/Grifols. Bayer was inappropriately mentioned as part of an editing error.