Merck and Sanofi-Aventis’ joint decision March 22 to shelve the planned merger of their animal health units may have left the other big pharmas playing in the space acting a bit like … well, chickens with their heads cut off.
Some industry observers may view animal health as -- dare we say it -- small potatoes. But a quick look at 2010 sales growth rates for big pharma animal health units indicates such business is not a poultry (er, paltry) matter.
A little over a year after the two companies revealed they would combine Sanofi’s Merial division with Merck’s Intervet to create a business with over $5 billion in annual sales, the pair decided there are just too many antitrust complications to make the joint venture worthwhile. Originally hoping to complete the merger within 12 months, Sanofi and Merck earlier this year announced it would not be finalized earlier than third-quarter 2011.
Market analysts expected a set of divestitures totaling about $500 million would have been necessary to pull off the deal, with Dow Jones reporting that the combined company’s holdings in poultry vaccines likely would have attracted antitrust scrutiny.
In a joint statement, Merck and Sanofi said each company would retain its current, separate animal health assets and businesses – there is no break-up fee and each company will cover its own expenses for the past year’s due diligence. (Isn't it nice when a planned deal unwinds so easily?)
The two companies were partners in animal health previously, jointly owning Merial, but Sanofi bought out Merck’s share of that business in 2009 as part of the antitrust review that eventually okayed Merck’s merger with Schering-Plough. Intervet was among the assets Merck acquired in that transaction, meaning the New Jersey pharma essentially stepped out of and back into the animal health business simultaneously.
Seven of the 12 publicly traded big pharma companies participate in the animal health business, along with privately held Boehringer Ingelheim. On March 15, Eli Lilly made an undisclosed offer to buy out Johnson & Johnson’s relatively small, Europe-based animal health business. But will Merck and Sanofi’s abandoned deal and the relative parity within big pharma animal health lead to additional M&A or some of the players exiting the space?
Pfizer, which acquired Fort Dodge Animal Health in 2009 as part of its merger with Wyeth, has talked recently of selling off units and focusing more on core businesses under new CEO Ian Read. Might it want to sell off its animal health unit, which generated $3.58 billion in sales, overall a bit more than 5% of the entire Pfizer enterprise, last year?
If so, would Lilly, at roughly two-fifths the size of the world’s biggest pharma company, be both willing and able to absorb Fort Dodge? Likewise, could smaller animal health players Bayer HealthCare and Novartis be looking to grow their divisions?
It’s worth noting that all of the five big pharma companies that reported their animal health revenues for 2010 recorded sales growth during the year, ranging from 2.6% for Sanofi to a very healthy 29% for Pfizer. (Pfizer’s number needs to be rationalized, though, with the reality that its growth was generated partly by the acquisition of Fort Dodge, not just sales increases.) Bayer and Lilly both enjoyed animal health sales growth in the 15% range, indicating why the firms’ may be interested in expanding that portion of their businesses.
By Joseph Haas
Image courtesy of flickrer terrydu used with permission through a creative commons license.