Also of note, with IDX184, Idenix owns one of four nucleoside polymerase inhibitors still in clinical development for HCV, and that class widely is seen as the backbone for future combinations of all-oral, direct-acting antivirals that could transform a burgeoning market highlighted by millions of warehoused and potentially tens of millions of undiagnosed patients. The peak annual market for HCV drugs has been estimated as high as $20 billion worldwide, and Idenix, while trailing clear leader Gilead Sciences, is positioned as well or better than many more established and deep-pocketed companies racing to grab a significant chunk of that market.
Notably, Idenix might be in an enviable position compared with big pharma rival Bristol-Myers Squibb, which may have flushed $2.5 billion down the drain in January when it bought Inhibitex and its promising mid-stage “nuc,” INX-189. On Aug. 1, Bristol announced it suspended dosing in a Phase II trial of that compound after one patient in the study suffered heart failure – and many Wall Street analysts subsequently have written off that compound (BMS-986094) as a failure.
Idenix CEO Ron Renaud isn’t declaring victory in the frequently changing HCV space, but it’s hard not to view the Cambridge, Mass., firm as being well-positioned, having just reclaimed full rights to ‘184 as the scarcity of such compounds worsens. After nearly a decade of working together on HCV candidates, Novartis and Idenix agreed to end their collaboration on July 31, a decision that Renaud told “Financings of the Fortnight” was a mutual recognition by both companies that a termination would put Idenix on the best footing to advance its HCV program in terms of both clinical and business development.
“Novartis understood that Idenix needed the flexibility to move forward with our pipeline and to have as many possibilities to combine our assets with other assets at various stages of development that the former agreement that we had with Novartis just would not allow,” he said. “There were too many onerous rights – both corporate governance rights and clinical pipeline rights – that prevented us from having fulsome discussions with potential partners about how to move forward together.” Novartis held an option for ‘184, but declined.
Novartis remains the largest shareholder in Idenix and it still stands to benefit significantly if Idenix is one of the winners in the HCV race, Renaud added. All Idenix owners had their ownership stakes diluted through a registered public offering that placed 23.5 million new shares at $8 apiece, including an over-allotment for offering managers JP Morgan and Leerink Swann. The RPO netted Idenix about $191 million, giving the firm runway through the first quarter of 2014, CFO Daniella Beckman said.
Idenix had $79.1 million cash on hand as of June 30, thanks in part to a pair of follow-on offerings in 2011 that netted a combined $105.4 million. Its shares had been trading in the $10 range in the weeks just prior to the offering’s pricing on Aug. 2, but closed trading on Aug. 8 down 4% to a palindromic $8.08 a share. Beckman and Renaud conceded that dilution always will be an issue for a clinical-stage biotech, but said their priority had to be gathering enough cash to see Idenix through a crucial Phase II trial testing ‘184 in combination with IDX719, the firm’s Phase II NS5A inhibitor for HCV.
“On the heels of our restructured deal with Novartis, we wanted to make sure we got any balance-sheet concerns behind us as well, and we wanted to be able to execute the business plan,” explained Renaud. That plan includes not just the combo study but also bringing a second-generation nuc, IDX368, into clinical development next year, with other nucs to follow. “This is going to take some considerable financial resources as well as human resources, and this capital raise will enable us to do that now,” he said.
Idenix intends to start both the Phase II combination study – expected to be an all-comers trial of about 200 HCV patients who will receive 100 mg of ‘184 once-daily and likely 100 mg of ‘719 once-daily, in a set of treatment groups some of which also will receive ribavirin – and the first Phase I trial for ‘368 before the end of 2012. The latter compound is the product of a project that has yielded 1,900 new compounds over the past 18 months in search of nucs superior to those in clinical development now (at Idenix, Gilead (GS-7977) and Vertex Pharmaceuticals (ALS-2200)).
“Right now, ‘368 appears to generate more triphosphate, which is what actually kills the HCV virus, than any other nuc that we’ve ever seen in clinical development,” Renaud asserted. “We suspect this a drug that we can start dosing at very low doses once a day and it appears at least preclinically to be very combinable with other classes of DAAs.”
And the HCV race goes on, as do other biopharmaceutical companies’ fundraising plans, which we now review in this installment of …
Mersana Therapeutics: A March collaboration with Endo Health Solutions to create next-generation antibody-drug conjugate therapeutics for cancer was a key turning point for Mersana Therapeutics, a new beginning signified by a $27 million recapitalization announced July 31. Under the financing, which Mersana called a Series A-1, the biotech will receive backing from New Enterprise Associates and Pfizer Venture Investments as well as a group of returning investors. Using its Fleximer conjugation technology to bind a wide variety of novel linkers with anti-tumor payloads, Mersana says it can create ADCs offering a wider variety of payloads, the ability to increase drug loading per antibody significantly while maintaining pharmacokinetic and physiochemical properties, and the capability to use antibody fragments as well as full antibodies. NEA’s participation in the round marks the first biopharma investment under its $2.6 billion NEA 14 fund. With its investment, NEA also will bring General Partner David Mott to Mersana as chairman of the board, while NEA principal Sara Nayeem will take a board seat. “NEA brings enormous financing capability plus tremendous intellectual resources,” said Mersana CEO Nicholas Bacopoulos. “Pfizer also adds to this validation.” Existing investors Fidelity Biosciences, ProQuest Investments, Rho Capital Partners and Harris & Harris Group also backed the round. Mersana raised $21 million through its Series A in 2005, augmenting that most recently with two sales of debt totaling $10 million in 2011 and 2012. – Joseph Haas
Hyperion Therapeutics: In the lone biotech IPO of this fortnight, Hyperion Therapeutics netted $53.5 million on July 31 by selling 5.75 million shares (including the 750,000-share overallotment) at $10, falling short of its $11-13 range. Hyperion, which has raised at least $100 million in venture capital, is awaiting an October PDUFA date on its lead compound Ravicti (glycerol phenylbutyrate) for urea cycle disorders (UCD), a group of rare genetic diseases caused by an enzyme or protein transporter deficiency in the urea cycle that leads to elevated ammonia levels in the blood. In March 2012, Hyperion acquired a global license to the drug from Ucyclyd Pharma, after initially receiving only limited rights in 2007. The only other branded FDA-approved therapeutic for UCD is Ucyclyd’s Buphenyl (sodium phenylbutyrate), and Hyperion holds U.S. co-promotion rights to that drug, plus an option on worldwide rights. Hyperion is the fifth rare disease company to go public in the last five years, according to Elsevier’s Strategic Transactions, and it’s the second-highest netting IPO behind MolMed SPA’s $82 million offering in February 2008. (MolMed’s orphan candidates include Phase III Arenegyr (NGR-hTNF alpha), a vascular targeting agent for malignant pleural mesothelioma.) Only two weeks out from its IPO, Hyperion has been trading in the black, closing at $10.35 on Aug. 8. Other rare disease players that have fared well include Aegerion Pharmaceuticals (which tried to go public twice before succeeding in October 2010): the lomitapide developer closed at $13.54 on Aug. 8, 42% higher than its $9.50 IPO price. That, however, was still lower than the bottom-end of its anticipated $14-16 IPO range. Novagali Pharma, which is developing a vernal keratoconjunctivitis candidate and debuted on the NYSE Euronext Paris Exchange in July 2010, went a different route and last year sold 50.55% of the company to Japanese pharma Santen Pharmaceutical, which paid €6.15 per share, almost double Novagali’s IPO price. – Amanda Micklus
Atterocor: Besides ADC developer Mersana’s $27 million Series A-1 recap round, FOTF recently saw another private biotech in the cancer space raise funds: Atterocor completed a $16 million Series A financing backed by Frazier Healthcare Ventures and 5AM Ventures on Aug. 3. (The last time these two syndicated together was for Marcadia Biotech’s $15 million Series A, along with Twilight Venture Partners; Roche later acquired Marcadia for $292 million upfront). Atterocor is developing candidates for one of the most uncommon types of cancer: adrenal gland cancers, which include adrenocortical carcinoma, neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma. Atterocor’s founder and CEO Julia Owens says the new funding will help move a lead medicine into clinical trials. Not much has been revealed about the company’s work, however scientific advisor Gary Hammer, the director of the endocrine oncology program at the University of Michigan’s Comprehensive Cancer Center, has been focused on the mechanisms of adrenal-specific growth and differentiation via growth-factor signaling and transcriptional programs. He is specifically addressing dysregulated growth of adrenocortical stem/progenitor cells. Atterocor was established earlier this year and previously raised $500,000 in debt financing from a single investor. There are only a handful of competitors developing treatments for adrenal cancers. One of the most advanced is Astellas Pharma/OSI Pharmaceuticals’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor linsitinib, in Phase II for locally advanced or metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma. The European Commission granted orphan drug status to the candidate this past April. – A.M.
Exelixis: Small-molecule cancer therapeutics biotech Exelixis has completed concurrent financings, which are expected to result in aggregate net proceeds of $361.9 million. For the $127.5 million common stock offering of 30 million shares (up from the 20 million originally proposed) at $4.25, Goldman Sachs and Cowen & Co. are jointly managing with Piper Jaffray, Stifel Nicolaus Weisel and William Blair & Co. co-managing. After the FOPO, the second-largest of its six follow-ons to date, Exelixis’ valuation is up to about $760 million, a steady decrease from the company’s last two FOPOs, first in March 2011 when the valuation was $1.4 billion and then in February 2012 when the market cap dipped down to $815 million. In the second part of the current fundraise and marking its first public debt financing to date, the biotech is offering $250 million worth of seven-year, 4.25% convertible senior subordinated notes (with an option to purchase additional notes up to an aggregate principal amount of $37.5 million). The notes are redeemable at a price of about $5.31 apiece (with a conversion rate of 188.2353 shares per $1,000 principal), which represents about a 13% discount to Exelixis’ 10-day pre-announcement average, yet a 25% premium to the FOPO share price. The company closed at $4.28 on Aug. 8, a 13% decrease from the Aug. 6 closing price. The debt offering is jointly led by Goldman, Sachs and Cowen; co-managers are Citigroup, Credit Suisse Group and Morgan Stanley. Exelixis will put the proceeds toward its extensive pipeline of oncology candidates, many of which are partnered with big pharma including GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi, Bristol and Roche. In particular it needs the cash to advance its lead candidate cabozantinib (formerly XL184) – a dual inhibitor of MET and VEGF pathways – in Phase III for medullary thyroid cancer, and also in multiple clinical trials for other cancers including castration-resistant prostate, lung and ovarian. In 2008, BMS licensed exclusive worldwide rights to ‘184, paying a hefty $195 million upfront, but in 2010 returned those rights to Exelixis, which went on to develop the candidate on its own. In 2011, cabozantinib gained orphan status in the medullary and other thyroid cancer indications and FDA just granted a priority review, with a decision expected by late November. If accepted, this would be Exelixis’ first approval. – Maureen Riordan
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