Friday, August 23, 2013
What if they had a week and no biopharma deals happened? We’re not quite at that point but it has been slow-going, to put it mildly, on the deal-watching front.
Did everybody go on vacation all at once? Well, your trusty correspondent got back from his time off about two weeks ago and Deals of the Week has a schedule to keep. Let’s see what activity we can find.
There have been a few deals the week of Aug. 19, although none of the blockbuster sort or even all that close (see below). In fact, deal rumors may have outnumbered actual signed deals this week – they certainly set more tongues wagging. The biggest news in business development and M&A likely was renewed speculation that rare disease specialist Shire might be a buyout target for big pharma. The rumor gained in plausibility coming on the heels of Perrigo’s $8.6 billion acquisition of Elan on July 29 for the primary purpose of benefiting from Irish tax laws.
Focused on over-the-counter products, nutritionals and generic drugs, Perrigo bought out Elan largely for its appealing tax structure, as well as the royalties it earns from multiple sclerosis blockbuster Tysabri (natalizumab). Because Perrigo is merging with Dublin-based Elan, rather than just moving to Ireland, the new combined company will be able to take advantage of that country’s tax rates, which are considerably lower than those in the U.S.
On Aug. 15, Perrigo held its first earnings call since the transaction, saying that its expectations for increased global business are expected to offset slowing U.S. revenues in its OTC business. The company reported overall record net income of $967 million for its fourth quarter, a 16% increase from the year-ago period, and income of $3.5 billion for its fiscal 2013, which ended on June 30, a 12% increase from 2012.
While sales for its consumer health care business, which includes OTC drugs and pet-care products, grew 16% to $562.4 million for the quarter, Perrigo executives said during the call that sales in some OTC categories are slowing, a trend that likely will continue. Perrigo’s nutritionals sales, comprising supplements and infant formula, reached $150 million, an 11% increase year-over-year, with all categories within the segment growing and new product sales reaching $7 million.
It’s unclear whether Bristol-Myers Squibb, said to be reprising its interest in acquiring Shire, would be looking for tax advantages – Shire is headquartered in Ireland, as well, but also maintains corporate offices in Philadelphia and Cambridge, Mass.
Industry analysts on Wall Street and in London have said the pharma’s main interest might be Shire’s business model of producing and selling high-priced drugs for small specialist populations that discourage generic competition because they are hard to make and extremely targeted. However, if Bristol bought Shire, Irish tax rates would apply to any existing Shire products sold by Bristol and it likely could use the Irish rate on future products of its own, resulting in a reduced, blended tax rate for its overall business.
Shire has pursued an interesting business development strategy, using small to mid-sized acquisitions, particularly of companies with late-stage or commercial assets, to transform itself. The centerpiece of this strategy was the 2005 buyout of Transkaryotic Therapies that led to the establishment of its growing Human Genetic Therapies division and became a primary competitor to Sanofi’s rare-disease subsidiary Genzyme.
In an effort to build a franchise around bio-engineered skin-substitute product Dermagraft, Shire bought out Advanced BioHealing for $750 million in 2011, but to date that deal has not succeeded greatly in growing the Regenerative Medicines unit. On July 25, Shire announced that sales of Dermagraft, the primary motive for the acquisition, declined 57% to just $22 million during the second quarter.
Overall, however, the company reported sales growth of 7% during the quarter and said it was on track for double-digit full-year sales growth as it had projected.
Recently, it was reported that Shire has hired Lazard as a financial investor to assist it if a hostile takeover bid emerges. Bristol reportedly was going to offer nearly $17 billion to purchase Shire this past May. Shire’s share price has been trending up lately, nosing over the $100 mark on July 11 and continuing to incline. The stock closed trading Aug. 21 at $114.02, undoubtedly helped by the new rumors of possible takeout interest.
While DOTW waits for that potential story to percolate, we point you to these actual transactions that occurred over the past week:
Shire/Santaris: Meanwhile, Shire transacted some actual business, announcing an extension Aug. 23 of its strategic alliance with Santaris Pharma to discover and develop RNA-targeted therapies for rare diseases. Specific financial terms were not disclosed. Under the original deal, signed in 2009, Santaris has been using its proprietary Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA) platform to discover and begin development of preclinical oligonucleotides against rare genetic disorder targets selected by Shire. Shire paid $6.5 million upfront for access to the technology along with research funding and $13.5 million for completion of early studies in the original deal, which specified five targets. Santaris also was eligible for up to $72 million in milestones for each program, plus sales royalties on any product reaching the market. The revised deal adds an undisclosed number of additional targets to the collaboration. Santaris gets upfront cash and research funding, and again can earn milestones and royalties if a product derived from the target research gets to market. As with the initial agreement, Shire holds worldwide development and commercialization rights to any resulting compounds.
Adimab/Celgene/Innovent: Less than a month after antibody-engineering firm Adimab signed a pair of non-exclusive R&D partnerships with GlaxoSmithKline and Biogen Idec, the New Hampshire biotech struck again, announcing a pair of deals Aug. 20. This time, Adimab has signed discovery partnerships with Celgene and Innovent, again to generate therapeutic antibody candidates against multiple targets. The July deals brought Adimab’s total to 19 partners, including a “who’s who” of big pharma and big biotech, and the company said it expects to sign at least three tech-transfer deals a year through 2015. However, the deals with GSK and Biogen transferred non-exclusive rights to Adimab’s antibody discovery and protein-engineering platform, giving them expanded use of the technology beyond prior tie-ups with the biotech. In the Celgene agreement, Adimab will use the platform to generate antibodies against multiple, undisclosed therapeutic targets. Adimab receives an undisclosed upfront payment, while Celgene will have the option to develop and commercialize all antibody candidates resulting from the collaboration. For any candidate that Celgene options, Adimab will receive a licensing fee and be eligible for clinical milestones and royalties on product sales. Meanwhile, Adimab and China-based Innovent will partner on a single program to discover, develop and commercialize an antibody-based therapeutic against an undisclosed target. Innovent will coordinate all initial product development, including manufacturing and clinical trials. Each company will retain the right to develop and commercialize any resulting drug candidate in its respective geographic territories. Innovent will hold those rights in China, while Adimab retains U.S., European and Japanese rights to the program. Innovent will compensate Adimab for discovery and optimization of therapeutic leads, while Adimab will reimburse Innovent for specific development costs.
Evotec/Jain Foundation: Germany’s Evotec AG, a drug-discovery alliance and development partnership company, and the Jain Foundation announced Aug. 21 that they have extended and expanded their research collaboration in skeletal muscular dystrophy diseases. No financial details were disclosed. Based in Bellevue, Wash., Jain is a privately funded foundation whose goal is to cure muscular dystrophies caused by deficiency of dysferlin protein. In a release, foundation CEO Plavi Mittal said the collaboration is moving toward the screening of compound libraries with Evotec. “This is an important step toward accomplishing our mission of finding a therapy for Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2b/Miyoshi Myopathy,” he said. Earlier this year, Evotec partnered with Harvard University to identify and develop a new class of small-molecule inhibitors of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Evotec is applying its drug-discovery technologies and expertise toward developing anti-bacterial agents that target peptidoglycan biosynthesis, while the university brings assays, anti-bacterial chemical starting points and x-ray crystallography tools to the collaboration.
Mount Sinai Medical Center/Exosome Diagnostics: Mount Sinai Medical Center (NY)’s Icahn School of Medicine is collaborating with Exosome Diagnostics Inc. on research and development of real-time nucleic acid-based body-fluid diagnostics to advance personalized medicine in areas such as oncology and inflammation. From the work, Exosome anticipates pursuing commercial development of potential in vitro diagnostics. Under the five-year collaboration, Mount Sinai researchers will get early access to Exosome technology for use in targeted molecular research, the two New York-based organizations said Aug. 21. The Exosome technology enables real-time capture of genetic biomarkers that are responsible for disease directly from blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid without need for a tissue biopsy. The medical center will retain rights to molecular biomarkers associated with disease progression and drug response under the agreement, while Exosome will get commercial development rights to any molecular in vitro diagnostic products that may result from the collaboration.
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