Monday, March 16, 2009

FDA Commish To Employees: Keep Quiet or Else!

Frank Torti, the acting FDA commissioner, has an important message for all agency employees--you won't make a peep if you know what's good for you.

In an unusual memo distributed last Friday afternoon, Torti ensured the agency is committed to transparency and “the principles of open government.” But after dispensing with the obligatory qualifier, he then went on to warn FDA employees the agency “must comply with its obligations to keep certain information in its possession confidential.”

He then writes those obligations are spelled out in the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), the Trade Secrets Act, and the Privacy Act, as well as FDA regulations. But if agency employees violate these provisions, they may face disciplinary sanctions, criminal liability and the FDA could be sued for damages.

Torti cites five sweeping categories of info that must be kept under wraps: trade secrets; confidential commercial info; personal privacy data; law enforcement records and privileged intra-agency and inter-agency documents, such as emails, memos and letters between between FDA employees. This last category can be a veritable treasure trove, however, because it can include opinions issued by FDA employees and materials prepared in connection with litigation – the sort of stuff that makes a good headline.

The missive, which an FDA spokeswoman tells us speaks for itself, may have its roots in a recent pair of embarrassing episodes that stemmed from the discussion or release of what FDA officials may view as privileged info. Earlier this year, nine FDA scientists wrote President Obama’s transition team that the review process for medical devices was ‘corrupted and distorted by agency managers.’

An example surfaced last week in a report in The Wall Street Journal, which detailed how a lobbying campaign overcame internal dissent among FDA staffers, who objected to the approval of a ReGen Biologics device for knee injuries. Former FDA commish Andy von Eschenbach acknowledged the affair was handled poorly.

And last month, the FDA removed Sanjay Kaul, a well-known cardiologist at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles, from a meeting of its Cardiovascular-Renal Drugs Advisory Committee at the last minute over the potential for intellectual bias.

The move caused an uproar after it became known that officials at Lilly, whose prasugrel blood thinner was to be reviewed, called FDA offices prior to the meeting to complain about Kaul, who had been openly critical of the drug. The FDA's head of the Office of New Drugs, John Jenkins, later admitted the "disinvitation" was a mistake.

It's unclear whether the memo is directly related to either of those incidents, or if it was issued for more general reasons, although a good source suggests the recent flaps likely had a lot to do with it, because such memos are rare. In any event, one thing is clear: we managed to get a copy, so it doesn't seem to have struck too much fear in the hearts of FDAers. The irony of it all.


Anonymous said...

I'm glad I don't have any personal health information that is part of a study submitted to the FDA. And, if I was a pharma company I would be worried about my trade secrets. FDA employees seem to have disdain not only for their leadership, but for the federal laws under which they operate. If they blatantly flaunt the law by releasing information like this memo, what confidence do I have that they'll stop there?


Anonymous said...

Frank Torti's March 13 memo was issued on the same day Senator Grassley asked President Obama to clarify his position on federal employees' communications with Congress. Senator Grassley expressed his concerns after reading the President's signing statement for H.R. 1105:

Was Dr. Torti the only federal agency head to issue such a memo after H.R. 1105 was signed?

Anonymous said...

Strange comment from Atlex since he previously encouraged release of such documents on Pharmalot.

Anonymous said...

Is Daniel Troy back at FDA? Sure sounds like it. Also sounds like self-justification for FDA'a long-standing policy of infinitely delaying responses to FOIA requests.

Anonymous said...

Ever since Tommy Thomson merged FDA's email into the overall HHS email system, internal FDA communications have been accidentally spread all over HHS. FDA regulates HHS (e.g., NIH Clinical Center, NCI trials, etc.). This concern was brought up years ago, 2005, to FDA and HHS but the concerns were disregarded. HHS vision of "One HHS" outwighted FDA's security concerns and regulatory mission.

Anonymous said...

FDA employees may not be the only federal employees to receive such a memo: